Government Plugs-in All Loopholes on MRP labeling


In a significant move aimed at curbing prevalent malpractices related to MRP and over-invoicing via the “Institutional Consumer” route while boosting domestic manufacturing, the Government has plugged in loopholes related to labeling requirements of imported medical devices. The loopholes had been used in the past to evade taxes, hype up the MRP while eroding the competitiveness of domestically manufactured medical devices.


The Government in a letter to domestic medical device manufacturers’ apex body AiMeD has clarified that all imported (and indigenous)devices, irrespective of being notified as ‘Drugs or Not” will have to comply with all labeling requirements as per the existing Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011 in addition to compliance with GSR 629 (E) which was issued on June 23rd, 2017. The Government has also plugged in loopholes which were used in the past by greedy hospitals to ‘buy cheap, sell dear’ by taking advantage of their status as “Institutional Consumer”.

It may be noted that confusion had arisen due to ambiguities in the wordings of GSR 629 issued recently by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, GoI which gave the impression that labeling requirement was mandatory for only those 23 medical devices which had been notified as drugs. Another confusion was r elated to the labeling requirement of devices purchased by Institutional Consumers. These  ambiguities and loopholes had in the past given rise to marketing malpractices where importers would import devices without putting the unit MRP on unit packages and would later mark up the unit price while selling it to Institutional Consumers lik e hospitals, though hospitals in practice would be paying much less than the marked up MRP but would charge the hyped up price from consumers/patients.This practi ce gave big margins to hospitals but exploited consumers/patients.


 Another fallout of this malpractice was that institutional buyers discriminated against domestic manufacturers as unlike importers/foreign suppliers, domestic manufacturer was unable to supply them with marked up labels as they have to strictly comply with labeling requirement.


The Ministry of Consumer Affairs has now amended the very definition of ‘Institutional Consumer’:

“Institutional consumer” means the institution which buys packaged commodities bearing a declaration ‘not for retail sale’, directly from the manufacturer or from an importer or from wholesale dealer for use by that institution and nor for commercial or trade purposes.”

Government has further clarified that, “all such medical devices, which are eventually hospital billed to the patients, even if they are initially supplied to the hospital directly, are covered under these rules and hospitals cannot claim the status of institutional consumers.”

AiMeD has lauded the move as a significant step towards consumer protection and a big boost for domestic manufacturers.

“The directives will help curb marketing malpractices, over invoicing and boost competitiveness of domestic medical device,” said Mr Rajiv Nath, Forum Coordinator, AiMeD.